Non-tuberculous mycobacteria pulmonary disease: A review of trends, risk factors, diagnosis and management

L Nqwata, A R Ouédrago


Non-tuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) reports have been on the rise globally, with increasing incidence and prevalence accompanied by poor outcomes. The rise has been attributed to an ageing population with increasing comorbid illnesses, and improved laboratory techniques in diagnosing the disease. However, despite the increase, some parts of the world still lack data, especially sub-Saharan African countries. The lack of data in our setting is difficult to explain, as we have a significant burden of NTM risk factors (i.e. HIV, tuberculosis and bronchiectasis). This review therefore serves as a reminder and a challenge to start searching, and reporting on our experiences. The review will highlight the rising incidence, important risk factors, diagnosis and management of NTM pulmonary disease.

Authors' affiliations

L Nqwata, Division of Pulmonology, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa

A R Ouédrago, Division of Pulmonology, Training and Research Unit in Health Sciences, University Joseph KI-ZEBRO, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso

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Cite this article

African Journal of Thoracic and Critical Care Medicine 2022;28(2):82.

Article History

Date submitted: 2022-07-15
Date published: 2022-07-15

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