Original research

Prevalence of symptoms of sleep apnoea syndrome in Burkina Faso

A R Ouedraogo, G Ouedraogo, A S Adambounou, K Boncoungou, S Maiga, R Koalga, R Nacanabo, A Tiendrebeogo, G Badoum, M Ouedraogo

Abstract


Introduction. Sleep apnoea syndrome (SAS) is a frequent and underdiagnosed pathology. Epidemiological studies in sub-Saharan Africa are few. Our study aimed to determine the prevalence of SAS symptoms in an adult population in Burkina Faso.

Method. A cross-sectional study whose data collection took place at the Yalgado Ouédraogo Teaching Hospital, from 1 September to 31 October 2014. We randomly enrolled all subjects aged at least 25 accompanying an outpatient t the time of a visit. A strong suspicion of SAS was established for every combination of ordinary snoring with excessive daytime sleepiness and/or sleep apnoea.

Results. e study included 311 subjects – 181 men and 130 women. e mean (standard deviation (SD)) age was 31.84 (8.25) years and the average (SD) BMI was 23.14 (3.67) kg/mÇ. e prevalence of excessive daytime sleepiness, snoring and sleep apnoea was 4.5%, 26% and 9.6%, respectively. A strong suspicion of SAS was found in 9.6% of respondents and the risk factors associated with this strong suspicion were BMI 25 kg/m2 (odds ratio (OR) 2.7; p=0.012), and poor-quality sleep (OR 3.7; p<0.001).

Conclusion. A signicant proportion of our sample had symptoms suggestive of SAS. Testing with either respiratory polygraphy or polysomnography should be proposed to the presumptive cases for early diagnosis and treatment


Authors' affiliations

A R Ouedraogo, Department of Pulmonology, University Hospital Yalgado Ouédraogo, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso

G Ouedraogo, Department of Pulmonology, University Hospital Yalgado Ouédraogo, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso

A S Adambounou, Department of Pulmonology, University Hospital Sylvanus Olympio, Lomé, Togo

K Boncoungou, Department of Pulmonology, University Hospital Yalgado Ouédraogo, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso

S Maiga, Department of Pulmonology, University Hospital Yalgado Ouédraogo, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso

R Koalga, Department of Pulmonology, University Hospital Yalgado Ouédraogo, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso

R Nacanabo, Department of Pulmonology, Regional Hospital of Ouahigouya, Burkina Faso

A Tiendrebeogo, Department of Pulmonology, University Hospital Yalgado Ouédraogo, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso

G Badoum, Department of Pulmonology, University Hospital Yalgado Ouédraogo, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso

M Ouedraogo, Department of Pulmonology, University Hospital Yalgado Ouédraogo, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso

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African Journal of Thoracic and Critical Care Medicine 2019;25(2):38-41. DOI:10.7196/SARJ.2019.v25i2.006

Article History

Date submitted: 2019-07-25
Date published: 2019-07-31

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