An unusual cause of haemoptysis in childhood-a case report and literature review.

S Chaya, R De Decker, M Zampoli, A Vanker


Haemoptysis is uncommon in children and the diagnosis is challenging. We describe an 11-year-old child who presented with haemoptysis secondary to a suspected congenital broncho-oesophageal fistula. This is a rare condition and the onset of symptoms are insidious, occasionally beginning in childhood, and may only present in adulthood. The case report describes the presentation, diagnosis, management and review of the current literature of broncho-oesophageal fistulas.

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