Case reports

Massive haemoptysis in pregnancy

S Mothilal, A Esmail, K Dheda

Abstract


Haemoptysis in pregnancy may be due to a myriad of causes, including pulmonary embolism, heart failure, vasculitides and infective or post-infective aetiologies. Pulmonary arteriovenous malformations (PAVMs) are a rare cause of massive haemoptysis that involve an abnormal communication between the pulmonary arteries and the pulmonary veins. The majority of PAVMs are congenital and associated with hereditary haemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT). To illustrate the complexity of the diagnosis and management of PAVM in pregnancy, we report the case of a 32-year-old woman presenting with massive haemoptysis at 36 weeks of gestation.


Authors' affiliations

S Mothilal, Division of Pulmonology, Department of Medicine, University of Cape Town Lung Institute and Groote Schuur Hospital, Cape Town, South Africa

A Esmail, Division of Pulmonology, Department of Medicine, University of Cape Town Lung Institute and Groote Schuur Hospital, Cape Town, South Africa

K Dheda, Division of Pulmonology, Department of Medicine, University of Cape Town Lung Institute and Groote Schuur Hospital, Cape Town, South Africa

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Keywords

haemoptysis; pregnancy

Cite this article

African Journal of Thoracic and Critical Care Medicine 2016;22(4):101. DOI:10.7196/SARJ.2016.v22i4.104

Article History

Date submitted: 2016-10-27
Date published: 2016-12-19

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African Journal of Thoracic and Critical Care Medicine| Online ISSN: 2617-0205

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